Tag Archives: African-American Culture of Coastal Georgia

Bungalow, 1940s, St. Simons Island

The property surrounding this front gable bungalow has recently been cleared, suggesting it’s likely to soon be redeveloped. This is one of just a few surviving vernacular structures in the scattered community known as Jewtown. The community got its name from the Levison brothers, who had a thriving store about a mile east of Gascoigne Bluff. They called it Levisonton but the name didn’t stick and residents referred to the area as Jewtown. Like the other two historic African-American communities on St. Simons, Harrington and South End, Jewtown is largely indistinguishable from the rest of the island today. I believe the cottage dates to circa 1940-1945, making it a relatively late construction for the community.

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Filed under -GLYNN COUNTY, Jewtown GA, St. Simons Island GA

Carneghan Emanuel Baptist Church, McIntosh County

This church was constructed between 1979-1983. Set in a beautiful grove of moss-draped oaks, its of a style typical among African-American congregations in Coastal Georgia. [“Carneghan” is likely the original spelling of the community, but it has been changed to “Carnigan” on modern maps.]

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Filed under -MCINTOSH COUNTY, Carnigan GA

Gable Front Cottage, Carnigan

Vernacular housing of the early 20th century, much of it related to the Gullah-Geechee community, is growing much rarer on the coast. Survivors are important links to the cultural history of the region, though I know of no effort to preserve them or their history.

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Filed under -MCINTOSH COUNTY, Carnigan GA

Manufactured House, Carnigan

Manufactured kit houses, like this well-preserved side-gabled example, proliferated in McIntosh County (and much of America) from the 1930s to the 1960s. Such structures were improvements over earlier vernacular structures and afforded more convenience to homeowners than was previously available.

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Filed under -MCINTOSH COUNTY, Carnigan GA

Hip-Roof Cottages, Meridian

Hidden on the edge of the road by thick woods today, these utilitarian hip-roof/pyramidal cottages are some of the last surviving examples of a vernacular style that was once widespread among the African-American communities of the coastal counties, as well as many areas of the state.

Because of their isolation, there is not a good way to photograph them other than showing them in their present state. They will eventually succumb to the ravages of time, but I think they are very important examples.

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Filed under -MCINTOSH COUNTY, Meridian GA

Milton Wilson House, Circa 1900, Hog Hammock

Hog Hammock Historic District, National Register of Historic Places

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Filed under -MCINTOSH COUNTY, Hog Hammock GA, Sapelo Island GA

Johnson House, Circa 1880, Johnson Hammock

This is the last surviving double-pen house on Sapelo and among the oldest surviving houses on the island.

Hog Hammock Historic District, National Register of Historic Places

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Filed under -MCINTOSH COUNTY, Johnson Hammock GA, Sapelo Island GA

Fred’s Place, Johnson Hammock

Fred’s Place has been described as a “juke joint” and center of social activity, owned by Fred and Flora Johnson. The structure dates to circa 1900, but the usage as a juke joint would have been a good bit later, I believe.

Hog Hammock Historic District, National Register of Historic Places

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Filed under -MCINTOSH COUNTY, Johnson Hammock GA

Randolf Williams House, Hog Hammock

A neighbor of Mr. Williams told me he was known in the neighborhood as the chicken man. This was his coop, made from available materials.

The neighbor also noted that some of his chickens are probably still roaming around Hog Hammock. I don’t know if this is one of them, but I’d like to think so.

Hog Hammock Historic District, National Register of Historic Places

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Filed under -MCINTOSH COUNTY, Hog Hammock GA, Sapelo Island GA

Dan Dixon House, 1930, Hog Hammock

Hog Hammock Historic District, National Register of Historic Places

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Filed under -MCINTOSH COUNTY, Hog Hammock GA, Sapelo Island GA