Tag Archives: Churches of Glynn County

Emanuel Baptist Church, 1904, St. Simons Island

The origins of Emanuel Baptist can be traced to the First African Baptist Church, established by freedmen at Pike’s Bluff Plantation in 1869. On 6 April 1890 members of the First African Baptist Church, under the leadership of Reverend A. Neel, organized Emanuel to better serve members in the South End community. The present structure was built on 30 July 1904 and dedicated by Reverend S. C. Dent.


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Filed under -GLYNN COUNTY, St. Simons Island GA

St. William Catholic Church, 1929, St. Simons Island

Now home to Lord of Life Lutheran Church, this Spanish Mission Revival chapel was originally home to St. William Catholic Church. Franciscan friars first established a mission presence near this very site in the late 1500s to minister to the native Guale peoples but these early missionaries were martyred and the mission destroyed in 1597. The location was selected by Father Peter McOscar, SM, pastor of St. Francis Xavier of Brunswick, architect Cormac McGarvey, and Mrs. Edith Smith Young. It was originally served by Marist priests from St. Francis Parrish.

Several celebrities had a connection to the church during its history. In the mid-1930s, actress Irene Dunn was a member of a Confirmation Class here; the great tenor Giovanni Martinelli once sang here; Joe DiMaggio was a volunteer altar server in 1950.

Thanks to Jimmy Goodis for identifying it as the original St. William’s.

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Filed under -GLYNN COUNTY, St. Simons Island GA

Shiloh Baptist Church, Everett City

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Filed under -GLYNN COUNTY, Everett City GA

First African Missionary Baptist Church, Everett City

Emma Gale writes: My ancestors (The Andrews), founded this Church circa 1865-1867. Originally they were up in Rumph Island, about 10 miles, headed toward Mt. Pleasant. The church and a school was started in the home of my Uncle Dock. My Grand-Uncle (Dock Andrews), and other relatives once owned Bull Island (at the end of this Road), that the Church is on, and much of the property down this Road. My Grand uncle (Rev. Alex Anderson), brother to my Maternal Grandmother, once Pastored First African Missionary Baptist(Everett).

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Filed under -GLYNN COUNTY, Everett City GA

Harrington Graded School, 1920s, St. Simons Island

The recent restoration of this historic African-American schoolhouse is one of the greatest preservation successes on the Georgia coast and should serve as a model for similar projects. After the Civil War and the collapse of the plantation economy, the descendants of enslaved persons remained on St. Simons and lived in the communities of South End, Jewtown, and Harrington. They were the dominant population on St. Simons until development in the early and mid-20th century changed the racial makeup of the island. Only remnants of their presence remain, and among them, the Harrington Graded School (thought to be a Rosenwald school), and Hazel’s Cafe, are the most significant.

The school served all three African-American communities until desegregation in the 1960s and was briefly used as a day care center until being abandoned in the early 1970s. It was eventually purchased by Glynn County and the St. Simons Land Trust but due to deterioration, it was slated for demolition in 2010. The Land Trust and the St. Simons African American Heritage Coalition formed the Friends of Harrington School and saved the school house. Serious work began in 2015 and by December 2016, the school was restored to its former glory.


Filed under -GLYNN COUNTY, St. Simons Island GA

St. Andrews Church of God, Circa 1954, St. Simons Island

This interesting church in the Harrington community was built just as the historic African-American neighborhoods of St. Simons were reaching their ebb. It’s a utilitarian example of the two-tower style, common among African-American congregations on the coast in an earlier time. The cinderblock structure, built sometime between 1950-1954, has unpainted sides, with the front being the only “finished” section. A more traditional structure, the circa 1920 Pentecostal Zion Church, stands behind this one.

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Filed under -GLYNN COUNTY, St. Simons Island GA

Good Shepherd Episcopal Church, 1928, & Good Shepherd School, 1910, Pennick

Historic Good Shepherd Episcopal Church Pennick GA Brunswick Saint Deaconess Alexander Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

Good Shepherd Episcopal Church and the adjacent Good Shepherd Parochial School are essentially all that remain of the historic Pennick community, a settlement of the descendants of freed slaves. Like Needwood Church and School, also located in Glynn County, they represent a rare church/school complex in relatively original condition. I’m hopeful they’ll both be placed on the National Register of Historic Places in the near future.

Historic Good Shepherd Parochial School Pennick GA Brunswick Glynn County Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

The school was founded by Deaconess Anna Ellison Butler Alexander (1865-1947), who took very seriously the education of her community and became the first black deaconess in the Episcopal Church in 1907. In 1999, she was named a Saint of Georgia, with a feast day of 24 September.

Historic Good Shepherd School Home of Georgia Saint Deaconess Anna E B Alexander Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

Deaconess Alexander’s life was forever interwoven with her faith. She lived in this apartment (above right) and is buried in front of the school house. Follow this link to see a video tribute to the deaconess by people who knew her personally. It’s quite interesting.

I recently acquired this postcard, mailed by Deaconess Alexander from the Fort Valley High & Industrial School (forerunner to Fort Valley State College) to Dean Richard of the Bishop Tuttle House in Raleigh, North Carolina, in 1931.




Filed under -GLYNN COUNTY, Pennick GA