Tag Archives: Fort Pulaski National Monument

Fort Pulaski, 1847, Cockspur Island

Fort Pulaski National Monument Cockspur Island GA Savannah Area Evidence of Civil War Bombardment Parrot Rifles Moat Picture Image Photograph Copyright © Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2013

President James Madison called for the construction of a fort on Cockspur Island as a reaction to the War of 1812. Though construction wouldn’t begin until 1829, the need to protect Savannah from foreign invasion was an ever-present concern.

Fort Pulaski National Monument Cockspur Island GA Savannah Area Antebellum Construction Third System Fortress Picture Image Photograph Copyright © Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2013

Fort Pulaski National Monument Cockspur Island GA Savannah Area Antebellum Third System Fortress Civil War Seige Moat Picture Image Photograph Copyright © Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2013

Designed by General Simon Bernard, Fort Pulaski was built by Captain J. F. K. Mansfield of the Army Corps of Engineers. Second Lieutenant Robert E. Lee was involved in the construction from 1829-31.

Fort Pulaski National Monument Cockspur Island GA Savannah Area Casemates Arches Parade Picture Image Photograph Copyright © Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2013

One of numerous Third System fortifications, Pulaski would prove an important testing ground for military resistance to new weaponry in the Civil War. The “holes” or pock marks in the side of the structure are the result of rifled cannon fire during the Union siege in the Battle of Fort Pulaski (10-11 April 1862). Pulaski’s inability to withstand this sort of firepower made such coastal fortifications obsolete and changed military architecture forever.

Fort Pulaski National Monument Cockspur Island GA Savannah Area Antebellum Arches Third System Fortress Picture Image Photograph Copyright © Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2013

The arched casemates surrounding the interior of the fort held large guns for defense.

Fort Pulaski National Monument Cockspur Island GA Savannah Area Antebellum Third System Fortress Civil War Seige Bunks Gun Port Embrasure Picture Image Photograph Copyright © Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2013

The guns were aimed through ports like these, and before the introduction of the Parrott rifle were an imposing defense.

Fort Pulaski National Monument Cockspur Island GA Savannah Area Antebellum Third System of Coastal Fortifications Gun Port Picture Image Photograph Copyright © Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2013

Several re-created barracks such as the one seen below can be found in the complex.

Fort Pulaski National Monument Cockspur Island GA Savannah Area Antebellum Third System Fortress Bunks Quarters Civil War Seige Picture Image Photograph Copyright © Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2013

Fort Pulaski National Monument Cockspur Island GA Savannah Area Casemates Arches Picture Image Photograph Copyright © Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2013

Fort Pulaski National Monument Cockspur Island GA Savannah Area Antebellum Arches Casemate Gun Cannon Third System Fortress Picture Image Photograph Copyright © Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2013

National Register of Historic Places

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