Driftwood Beach

Driftwood Beach Entrance Jekyll Island GA Maritime Oak Forest Salt Wind Effects Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

To access Driftwood Beach, park in the small lot  just past the Villas-by-the-Sea condominiums. After walking through this maritime oak forest you’ll find a “boneyard” full of fallen trees, gradual victims to the ravages of wind and salt-spray. In springtime, you’ll see lots of thistle.

Driftwood Beach Thistle Jekyll Island GA Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

A short or long walk will reveal some of the most stunning scenery on the Georgia coast.

Driftwood Beach Jekyll Island GA Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

Driftwood Beach Boneyard Jekyll Island GA Maritime Forest Erosion Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

Driftwood Beach Jekyll Island GA Oak Boneyard Fallen Trees Maritime Forest Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

Jekyll Island, Georgia

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Filed under -GLYNN COUNTY, Jekyll Island GA

Cherub Ornaments of Bonaventure Cemetery

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Andrew Granger (1902-1904)

In cemetery symbolism, cherubs almost always represent departed children. Bonaventure has numerous incarnations of these and I’ve chosen some of its best examples. The variety among different carvers is remarkable to me. Also known as winged babies or winged heads, cherub ornaments were most abundant in the late Victorian era, due especially to high infant mortality rates.

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Dorothy Miles Willcox, d. 1907

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Mary Catherine Roberts (1923-1926)

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Mary J. Schwarz (1901-1902)

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John N. Schwarz (No date discernible)

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Dieter Infant

Savannah, Georgia

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Filed under -CHATHAM COUNTY, Savannah GA

Replica of a Scottish Highlander’s Colonial Cottage

Scottish Highlander Cottage Fort King George Darien GA Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

Located at Fort King George, this is a reconstruction/replica of a Scottish Highlander’s cottage. It’s the style of dwelling some of the earliest settlers of Georgia would have called home and it’s very primitive, with dirt floors, mud walls, and a wattle frame. It’s hard to imagine how difficult life must have been for those pioneers.

Fort King George Darien GA Moss Draped Cedar Tree Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

There’s a secluded pond on the walk to the cottage.

Scottish Highlander Cottage Reconstruction Fort King George Darien GA Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

The interior is quite small and it’s impossible to imagine a family of any size living in such a space.

Scottish Highlander Cottage Interior Fort King George Darien GA Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

A depiction in the museum shows the formal dress of a Scottish Highlander around the time of Darien’s founding.

Scottish Highlander Tartan Fort King George Museum Darien GA Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

Darien, Georgia

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Filed under -MCINTOSH COUNTY, Darien GA, Fort King George GA

Fort King George, 1721

Fort King George Darien GA Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

The first British outpost in present-day Georgia, Fort King George was built and commanded by Colonel John “Tuscarora Jack” Barnwell in 1721, under the auspices of South Carolina Governor Francis Nicholson. Upon its construction it was the southernmost fort in Bristish North America, manned by His Majesty’s Independent Company of Foot. The British claimed the land along the Altamaha River as part of the South Carolina colony as a protection against Spanish forces, who sought to expand their reach northward from Florida. Colonel Barnwell died in 1724 and a mysterious fire claimed the fort in 1726. Rebuilt, it remained in use as a garrison until 1732 when it was officially abandoned. Upon its ruins General Oglethorpe founded Darien in 1736.

Fort King George Darien GA Colonial Stockade Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

The blockhouse was built of cypress logs. Its construction proved no simple matter in the wilderness of Coastal Georgia. Though Nicholson and Barnwell had requested fit young soldiers, they were instead supplied with members of the Regiment of Invalids, veterans who in one way or another were not capable of heavy service. The British welfare system of the day allowed them light duty and by 1722 about 100 soldiers were sent from a hospital in Port Royal, South Carolina, to Fort King George.

Fort King George Darien GA Stockade Gun Embrasure Port Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

From embrasures (gun-ports) on the top level of the blockhouse, soldiers kept watch over the Altamaha River delta. Guardhouses, or sentry towers, were also essential to the site’s security.

Fort King George Darien GA Sentry Guardhouse Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

None of the original fortification survives; the structures seen today were built using original plans in 1988. Besides the blockhouse, an officers’ quarters and workshop were also reconstructed.

Fort King George Darien GA Outbuildings Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

Fort King George Darien GA Interior of Residence Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

Barracks were located at the rear of the property and provided quarters for His Majesty’s Independent Company of Foot.

Fort King George Darien GA Barracks Exterior Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

Fort King George Darien GA Barracks Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

Fort King George Darien GA Barracks Hearth Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

Black Island Creek flows behind the barracks.

Black Island Creek from Fort King George Darien GA Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

National Register of Historic Places

Darien, Georgia

http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/articles/history-archaeology/fort-king-george

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Filed under -MCINTOSH COUNTY, Darien GA

Cay Creek Wetlands Interpretive Center

Cay Creek Freshwater Wetlands Liberty County GA Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

Cay Creek Wetlands Interpretive Center is one of the best day trips in Coastal Georgia. Located at 189 Charlie Butler Road in Midway, the center has ample parking, picnic tables, and a boardwalk which covers several different ecosystems. It’s a place for reflection, as well as a haven for amateur naturalists, birdwatchers and anyone who enjoys the outdoors. Best of all, it’s free and open to everyone, through the daylight hours seven days a week. There isn’t an actual “center” as yet, but excellent interpretive signs located along the boardwalk provide ample information about the environment and its inhabitants.

Cay Creek Liberty County GA Freshwater Swamp in Transitional Coastal Wetland Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

Your walk begins in a freshwater tidal swamp, full of oak, cypress, and bay trees. Irises were already sprouting in January (below).

Cay Creek Wetlands Liberty County GA Cypress Knees Iris Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

As the boardwalk reaches the observation tower, the freshwater swamp is intermingled with salt water. Almost a third of the tidal salt marshes on the Atlantic Coast are located in Georgia, along with many freshwater tidal swamps and marshes. Only specific plants are able to thrive in salt water environments, so the plant life begins to change, if subtly, in this zone.

Cay Creek Wetlands Intepretive Center Midway GA Boardwalk from Observation Tower Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

A short walk up the observation deck affords a birds eye view.

Cay Creek Liberty County GA Wetlands Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

Just past the observation tower, the transition becomes more obvious, as marsh grasses begin to dominate the hammocks.

Cay Creek Brackish Marsh Intertidal Swamp Wetland Liberty County GA Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

In winter, you’ll see the red berries of native hollies (Ilex).

Cay Creek Liberty County GA Native Holly Ilex Berries Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

The last stretch of the boardwalk opens into brackish marsh, with the transitional swamp and marsh visible in the background.

Cay Creek Wetlands Liberty County GA Boardwalk Natural Area Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

Here, you’re surrounded by marsh grasses and can smell the salt in the air.

Cay Creek Liberty County GA Intertidal Transitional Wetland Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

Native cedars, often covered in lichen, are scattered around the marsh.

Cay Creek Liberty County GA Native Cedar Coastal Wetland Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

This is the view at the end of the boardwalk. You’ll want to return!

Cay Creek Liberty County GA Protected Wetland Intertidal Zone Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

Raymond Cay (1803-1885), namesake of Cay’s Creek.

Raymond Cay Namesake of Cays Creek Midway Liberty County GA Historic Image Photograph Via Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

This was originally known as Salter’s Creek but was changed in honor of Raymond Cay’s nearby plantation.

Midway, Georgia

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Filed under -LIBERTY COUNTY, Midway GA

18th Century Tympanic Icons of Midway Cemetery

Midway Congregational Church Cemetery Liberty County GA Slate Headstone of James Wilson Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

Tympana are the semi-circular arches atop early headstones, usually featuring an iconic relief sculpture. In early America, the most common of these icons is the “winged death” head, usually represented as a cherubic face or skull above a pair of wings. New England churchyards and burying grounds abound with these earliest forms of American sculpture, but they’re rarities in the Deep South. Charleston has the largest concentration, with other examples scattered around the low country of South Carolina; Savannah has a few examples but Midway has the best variety in Georgia.

Midway Congregational Church Cemetery Liberty County GA Slate Winged Death Tympanum of James Wilson Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

Tympanum detail of the James Wilson stone. Slate. Date of death not visible, as the headstone is half-buried (see first photo).

Midway Congregational Church Cemetery Liberty County GA Winged Death Nimbus Tympanum of Elisabeth Way 1795 Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

Tympanum detail of the Elisabeth Way stone, 1792. Sandstone. In regards to design, this is the most important headstone at Midway. In Early Gravestone Art of Georgia & South Carolina (UGA Press, Athens, 1986), Diana Williams Combs wrote: “As far as I know, the nimbus has not been employed elsewhere during this period of American gravestone art. In this context it emphasizes the salvation of the deceased.”

Midway Congregational Church Cemetery Liberty County GA Winged Death Tympanum of Susanna Stacy 1780 Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

Tympanum detail of the Susanna Stacy stone, 1780. Slate.

Midway Congregational Church Cemetery Liberty County GA Winged Death Tympanum of Margaret Stacy 1792 Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

Tympanum detail of the Margaret Stacy stone, 1792. Slate.

Midway Congregational Church Cemetery Liberty County GA Winged Death Tympanum of Miss Sarah Winn 1767 Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

Tympanum detail of the Sarah Winn stone, 1767. Slate.

Midway Congregational Church Cemetery Liberty County GA Winged Death Tympanum of Sarah Stevens 1767 Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

Tympanum detail of the Sarah Stevens stone, 1767. Slate.

Midway Congregational Church Cemetery Liberty County GA Cherub Tympanum of James Osgood 1793 Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

Tympanum detail of the James Osgood stone, 1793. Marble.

Midway Congregational Church Liberty County GA Brick Cemetery Wall US Highway 17 Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

There’s always a nice view of Midway Congregational Church (1792) across US Highway 17 from the famous brick wall surrounding the cemetery.

National Register of Historic Places

Midway, Georgia

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Filed under -LIBERTY COUNTY, Midway GA

Black Island Creek

Black Island Creek GA McIntosh County Fog Marsh Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

There was a thick fog on the mainland side of Black Island Creek looking toward Black Island.

Black Island Creek McIntosh County GA High Tide Sunrise Fog Clouds Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing Coastal Georgia USA 2015

McIntosh County, Georgia

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Filed under -MCINTOSH COUNTY, Black Island GA