Tybee Lighthouse, 1773, 1867 &c.

Georgia’s oldest and tallest [145 feet] lighthouse is the symbol of Tybee Island and one of the most fascinating places to visit on the coast. Climbing the 178 steps to the top is an effort but one which pays off with wonderful views of the island and the Atlantic Ocean.

There are landings every 25 steps in case you need to rest or if you just want to see the island from different perspectives.

Because its complex of supporting structures remain intact, the property around the Tybee Lighthouse is officially referred to as the Tybee Island Light Station.

The lower sixty feet of the iconic structure date to John Mulryne’s construction of 1773, which was a replacement for two previous lighthouses (the first of which was built for James Oglethorpe in 1736). So strategic and important to the future growth of Georgia was the placement of a lighthouse at the confluence of the Atlantic Ocean and the Savannah River that General Oglethorpe threatened to hang the incompetent builder of the first beacon. Numerous modifications and additions have been made over the ensuing two centuries. Notably, Confederates burned the lighthouse in 1861 to prevent its use by Union troops; in 1867, 85 feet were added to the 1773 base to bring the lighthouse to its present height.

The Stick Style Head Keeper’s Cottage was built in 1881.

The house was built with an attached kitchen, known as a “summer kitchen”. Its location at the rear of the dwelling helped keep heat out of the house during the summer.

The master bedroom is located downstairs.

Guest and children’s bedrooms are located upstairs.

The 2nd Assistant Keeper’s Cottage (below) was built circa 1861 from remains of the old Confederate barracks. The 2nd Assistant Keeper first occupied the cottagee in 1867.

The oldest structure on the property is the original summer kitchen, dating to 1812. It was used until 1910 and now houses archaeological treasures found on site over the years.

The fuel storage shed was built in 1890.

Fort Screven Historic District, National Register of Historic Places

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Fort Screven Cottage, Tybee Island

This cottage is sandwiched between Solomon and Van Horn Avenues. I don’t know of its original use but it’s one of the brightest, most whimsical restorations on Tybee. I would guess it was built circa 1900-1905. It was recently restored as a private residence and art studio and is known as the Dreamland Depot.

Fort Screven Historic District, National Register of Historic Places

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Enlisted Men’s Mess Hall, Circa 1925, Tybee Island

This is now a vacation rental known as the Screened Inn.

Fort Screven Historic District, National Register of Historic Places

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Army Mess Hall, 1905, Tybee Island

Fort Screven Historic District, National Register of Historic Places

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Army Housing, Circa 1912, Tybee Island

This is a preliminary identification. I’ll be photographing/rephotographing the Fort Screven district soon, and will be updating structures as I learn more about them.

Fort Screven Historic District, National Register of Historic Places

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Fort Screven Fire House, 1910, Tybee Island

The old post firehouse is now home to the Tybee Arts Association and the Jim Ingham Black Box Theatre.

Fort Screven Historic District, National Register of Historic Places

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Fort Screven Bakery, 1925, Tybee Island

The post bakery has served as a private residence for many years.

Fort Screven Historic District, National Register of Historic Places

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